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Upcoming Seminar / Conferences 

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Past Seminar / Conferences


Title : सुखद वृद्धावस्था के लिये एक व्यवहारिक मार्ग- निर्देशिका एवं कुछ सार तत्व
Dated :- Mar 26, 2017
Number of Attendee :25
  • वृद्धावस्था के प्रति सही मनोभाव ही सुख-शांति देता है। 
  • वृद्धावस्था का किसी ऐसे विशेष प्रयोजन के लिए अपनायें जो आपको संतोष दे। 
  • अपने मनोबल को गिरने से रोकें और उसे सदैव ऊॅचा रखे। 
  • इस अवधि में आहार परिवर्तन जरूरी हो जाता है, पौष्टिक आहार इस अवस्था में अत्यन्त आवश्यक है। 
  • पॅंूजी निवेश से लाभ कर में छूट, विविध कर, औचित्य एवं नगदी का पूरा विचार विमर्श करने के उपरांत ही पूॅजी निवेश की योजना बनाएॅ। 
  • जीवन संध्या में आप किस श्रेणी और कैसी गुणवत्ता की जिन्दगी जियेंगे, यह इस बात पर निर्भर करेगा कि आपके पास कितनी पूूॅंजी है तथा उसे केैसे बजट बनाकर खर्च करते है। 
बुढ़ापा जीवन की अनिवार्य शर्त है। जीवन का यह समय ऐसा होता है कि जिसमें संचय का अवसर नहीं होता, केवल व्यय ही करना होता है। इस व्यय के लिए आवश्यक संचय युवावस्था से ही करना होता है।  भारतीय संस्कृति में माॅ -बाप अपने बच्चों को पाल-पोष कर बढ़ाकर यह मानने लगते है कि  उन्होंने अपने बच्चों पर बहुत उपकार किया है, इस उपकार के बदले में उनकी सारी आशाएॅं, आकाॅंक्षाएॅ बच्चों पर केन्द्रित हो जाती हैं। इसका परिणाम यह होता है कि उनके स्वयं के सारे सपने, अरमान कहीं खो जाते है, उनकी स्वतंत्र सोच नहीं रह जाती है। जब वे 60 वर्ष या अधिक के होने लगते है तो उनके पास स्वयं का काम नहीं हो तो उनके समझ ही नहीं आता कि जीवन को अब कैसे जीना है, दुनियाॅ को कैसे देखना हैं ? इसके लिए वृद्धों को संतानो से अपेक्षा छोड़कर सेवानिवृत्त होेने के बाद का जीवन भी आत्मनिर्भर होकर, स्वास्थ्य, आर्थिक,सामाजिक, मानसिक रूप से मजबूत रहकर जीना चाहिये।   
Title : What is Creativity? How to Develop Creativity in students
Dated :- Mar 19, 2017
Number of Attendee :35
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed. The created item may be intangible (such as an idea, a scientific theory, a musical composition, or a joke) or a physical object (such as an invention, a literary work, or a painting).
Scholarly interest in creativity involves many definitions and concepts pertaining to a number of disciplines: engineering, psychology, cognitive science, education, philosophy (particularly philosophy of science), technology, theology, sociology, linguistics, business studies, songwriting, and economics, covering the relations between creativity and general intelligence, mental and neurological processes, personality type and creative ability, creativity and mental health; the potential for fostering creativity through education and training, especially as augmented by technology; the maximization of creativity for national economic benefit, and the application of creative resources to improve the effectiveness of teaching and learning.
Title : POLLUTION IS GREAT CURSE
Dated :- Feb 26, 2017
Number of Attendee :35
TYPES OF POLLUTION
Air pollution
Air lets our living planet breathe—it's the mixture of gases that fills the atmosphere, giving life to the plants and animals that make Earth such a vibrant place.
The three key sources of air pollution
  1. Traffic
  2. Smog
  3. Power plants

What effects does air pollution have?
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Jan 07, 2017
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : THERMAL NOISE ANALYSIS OF SWITCHED CAPACITOR NETWORKS
Dated :- Nov 20, 2016
Number of Attendee :25

Thermal noise is one of the most important challenges in analogue integrated circuits design. This problem is more critical in switched capacitor (Sc) filters due to the aliasing effect of wide band thermal noise.

In these circuits, switching introduces a boost in the power spectral density of the thermal noise due to aliasing. Unfortunately, even though the theory of noise in Sc circuits is discussed in the literature, it is very tedious and requires highly sophisticated and not widely available software. The purpose of this paper is twofold. It provides a tutorial description of the physical phenomena taking place in anSc circuit while it processes noise. It also proposes some specialized but highly efficient algorithms for estimating the resulting sampled noise in Sc circuits, which need only simple calculations. A practical design procedure, which follows directly from the estimate, is also described. The accuracy of the proposed estimation algorithms is verified by simulation using spectre RF. As an example, it is applied to the estimation of the total thermal noise in a second order low-distortion delta sigma converter.

Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Oct 22, 2016
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : Emotional Intelligence and stress management
Dated :- Oct 09, 2016
Number of Attendee :25
Emotional intelligence should help you handle stress better, for several reasons. There are four parts to EI: 
  • self-awareness
  • self-management
  • empathy
  • social skill.  
Self-awareness  can help you notice when you are becoming stressed, which in turn make you better able to calm down before your reaction builds to an unmanageable level. Empathy and social skill should allow you to be more effective in how you express yourself–including knowing how and when to be candid. But these skills need to be learned. 
Title : Impact of advertisement on user behavior
Dated :- Sep 25, 2016
Number of Attendee :25

  • Impact of online advertisement
  • Impact of Print advertisement
  • Social Media marketing and its Impact on User Behavior

Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Sep 25, 2016
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : The Effect of Parental Anxiety on the Self-esteem of High School Underachievers Differing in Test Anxiety
Dated :- Sep 18, 2016
Number of Attendee :25
In the last ten years, research on anxiety disorders has started to compile evidence to suggest an association between anxiety disordered parents, their parenting style and child anxiety problems. Lately one group of researches has speculated that if parenting styles were part of the mechanism for transmission of anxiety disorders, then over controlling and less warm parenting styles would be more prevalent amongst anxiety-disordered parents (Lindhout et.al 2006). The emotional climate in families with an anxious parent differs significantly from families without an anxious parent.
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Aug 28, 2016
Number of Attendee :30
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : भारत के इतिहास एवम साहित्य में क्षत्रियो का योगदान
Dated :- Aug 09, 2016
Number of Attendee :20

क्षत्रिय शब्द की व्युत्पत्ति की दृष्टि से अर्थ है जो दूसरों को क्षत से बचाये। क्षत्रिया, क्षत्राणी हिन्दुओं के चार वर्णों में से दूसरा वर्ण है। इस वर्ण के लोगों का काम देश का शासन और शत्रुओं से उसकी रक्षा करना माना गया है। भारतीय आर्यों में अत्यंत आरम्भिक काल से वर्ण व्यवस्था मिलती है, जिसके अनुसार समाज में उनको दूसरा स्थान प्राप्त था। उनका कार्य युद्ध करना तथा प्रजा की रक्षा करना था। ब्राह्मण ग्रंथों के अनुसार क्षत्रियों की गणना ब्राहमणों के बाद की जाती थी, परंतु बौद्ध ग्रंथों के अनुसार चार वर्णों में क्षत्रियों को ब्राह्मणों से ऊँचा अर्थात समाज में सर्वोपरि स्थान प्राप्त था। गौतम बुद्ध और महावीर दोनों क्षत्रिय थे और इससे इस स्थापना को बल मिलता है कि बौद्ध धर्म और जैन धर्म जहाँ एक ओर समाज में ब्राह्मणों की श्रेष्ठता के दावे के प्रति क्षत्रियों के विरोध भाव को प्रकट करते हैं, वहीं दूसरी ओर पृथक जीवन दर्शन के लिए उनकी आकांक्षा को भी अभिव्यक्ति देते हैं। क्षत्रियों का स्थान निश्चित रूप से चारों वर्णों में ब्राह्मणों के बाद दूसरा माना जाता था।<o:p></o:p>

क्षत्रिय वंश का उद्भव<o:p></o:p>

क्षत्रिय वंश के उद्भव का प्रारम्भिक संकेत पुराणों से मिलने लगता है कि सूर्यवंश और चंद्रवंश ही क्षत्रिय वंश परम्परा के मूल स्त्रोत है। पुराणों से संकेत मिलता है कि मनु के पूत्रों से ही सूर्यवंश की नींव पडी थी और मनु की कन्या इला के पति बुध थे जो चंद्रदेव के पुत्र थे, इन्हीं से चंद्रवंश की नींव पडी। मूल क्षत्रिय वंशों की संख्या के बारे में विद्वानों में एकमत नहीं है। कुछेक - सूर्यवंश, चंद्रवंश और अग्निवंश की चर्चा करते हैं तो सूर्यवंश, चंद्रवंश और अग्निवंश, ऋषिवंश तथा दैत्यवंश। हालाकिं अधिकांश इतिहासकार यह मानते है कि सूर्य तथा चंद्रवंश से ही सभी वंश शाखाएं है। अग्निवंश के संदर्भ में कहा जाता है कि अग्निवंशीय राजपूतों की उत्पत्ति ऋषियों द्वारा आबू पर्वत पर किये यज्ञ के अग्निकुंड से हुई जिनकी चार शाखाएं परमार, प्रतिहार, चौहान तथा सोलंकी। "चालुक्य" सूर्यवंश नामकरण के पूर्व मरीचि हुए जिनसे कश्यप और कश्यप से सूर्य तथा सूर्य से वैवस्वत मनु पैदा हुए जिन्होने अयोध्या नगरी बसाई। मनु के बाद उनके ज्येष्ठ पुत्र इक्ष्वाकु अयोध्या की गद्दी पर बैठे तथा अपने दादा के नाम पर सूर्यवंश की स्थापना की। इसी कुल में मांधाता, हरिश्चंद्र, सगर, दिलीप, भगीरथ, दशरथ और भगवान राम जैसे प्रतापी राजा हुए हैं। इस वंश का गौत्र भारद्वाज है।

Title : Cyber law infringement in digital environment
Dated :- Aug 07, 2016
Number of Attendee :25

With the development of the digital environment intellectual property faced new problems and challenges. Therefore, the intellectual property industry is searching for protection, control over the use of copyrights, patents and trademarks. Nowadays, the cloud technology is seen as a solution and also creator of new problems in the intellectual property industry.

In the era of cyber world as the usage of computers became more popular, there was expansion in the growth of technology as well, and the term ‘Cyber’ became more familiar to the people. The evolution of Information Technology (IT) gave birth to the cyber space wherein internet provides equal opportunities to all the people to access any information, data storage, analyse etc. with the use of high technology. Due to increase in the number of netizens, misuse of technology in the cyberspace was clutching up which gave birth to cyber crimes at the domestic and international level as well.

Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Jul 20, 2016
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : The different dimensions to EU trade policy
Dated :- May 15, 2016
Number of Attendee :25
EU bilateral trade policy takes the form of Association Agreements or free trade agreements with third countries.  Trade and trade-related topics also form the core of the currently ‘in vogue,’ but not especially effective region-to-region agreements negotiated with other regions that are intended to serve the dual aim of market opening for EU exporters and the promotion of integration within the partner region.

Plurilateral agreements, such as the Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) or Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft under the aegis of the WTO, or various agreements on investment under the aegis of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) are negotiated by the EU (or its Member States) with like-minded or similarly developed countries on specialist topics.

The multilateral dimension of EU trade policy centres on the WTO and takes the form of multilateral rounds of negotiation such as the Doha Development Agenda. But it is important not to forget work in a range of WTO committees concerned with implementation, the review of WTO Members trade policies (Trade Policy Review Mechanism), including the review of preferential trade agreements in the WTO’s Committee on Regional Trade Agreements, and dispute settlement. Each bilateral or region-to-region agreement also involves ongoing work on implementation and the settlement of disputes.

Title : Political Culture of Modern India State
Dated :- Mar 27, 2016
Number of Attendee :25

Culture is regarded as a complex phenomenon which includes knowledge, art, belief, morals, law, custom and other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society. Culture may be said to have composed of two parts, i.e.,  material culture and non-material culture. Material culture includes all the material and tangible equipments and objects which are made and produced by human beings. On the other hand, non-material equipment and capabilities made and acquired  by man in group life are included in non-material culture.

      The people of a society share a common human nature like emotional drives, intellectual capacities and moral perspectives. The common human nature expresses itself in the form of certain values, belief and emotional attitudes which are transmitted from one generation to another, though with greater or lesser modifications, and they constitute the general culture of that society. Social relationships are subject to an endless process of transformation, of growth and decay of fusion and separation. Since they are all expressions of human nature, the social relationships of the present are found in germ at least in the past and those of the past survive, if only as relics in the present.

      Culture, is therefore, a profound possession that ramifies throughout human life. No matter what aspect or part of society is considered, the presence of a cultural mode of transmission is of  paramount importance. Politics is one of the unavoidable circumstances/facts of human existence/relations. Everyone is involved in some fashion at some time in some kind of political system. Each political system is embedded in a sociological and psychological environment- the set of values, beliefs, orientation and attitudes of the people toward politics, i.e., the political culture. The political culture of a society defines  the situation in which political action takes place. It provides the subjective orientation to politics. The political culture  is of course but one aspect of politics.

    However, the political culture encompasses both the political ideals and the operating norms of a polity. Political culture includes not only the attitudes to the politics, political values, ideologies, national character and cultural ethos,  but also the style, manner and substantive form of politics. The political culture of a people gives them an orientation towards their polity and its processes. One way to learn about  political beliefs is to observe the ways in which political structure operates. These beliefs affect and are affected  by the way in which the structures operate and there is a close circle of relationship between culture and structure. Political culture is thus the manifestation in aggregate form of the psychological and subjective dimensions of politics. A political culture is the product of both the collective history of a political system and the life histories of the members of that system. In brief, political culture is to the political system what  culture is to the social system.

  i)    Orientations of problem solving.

      ii)    Orientations to collective action.

      iii)   Orientations to the political system and

      iv)   Orientations  to other people.

Title : Managing Technology & Innovation
Dated :- Mar 10, 2016
Number of Attendee :30
SPHERT is proud to announce Seminar in Managing Technology & Innovation This Seminar aims to educate People how Innovation and technology can be used effectively to manage organization and its growth
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Feb 21, 2016
Number of Attendee :20
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : गुणवत्तापूर्ण तकनीकी शिक्षा के लिए शिक्षण दक्षता सबंध् सुझाव
Dated :- Dec 13, 2015
Number of Attendee :25
गुणवत्तापूर्ण तकनीकी शिक्षा के लिए शिक्षण दक्षता सबंध्ाी सुझाव।
1 तकनीकी शिक्षा में कार्यरत् शिक्षकों को विद्यार्थियों से सहज सबंध बनाने के लिए प्रशिक्षण दिया जाए। 
2 तकनीकी शिक्षक कक्षागत् अन्तःक्रिया व शैक्षिक परिस्थितियों में अपनी कमीयों एवं उपलब्धियों से परिचित करवाकर विद्यार्थियों के साथ अधिगम व्यवहार स्थापित करने हेतु बेहतर तरीके से प्रयास किए जाए।
3 तकनीकीे शिक्षक अपनी कक्षा शिक्षण दक्षता का वास्तविक अवलोकन के द्वारा सुधार हेतु प्रयास किए जाए।
4 तकनीकी शिक्षक व विद्यार्थियों को ध्यान में रखकर कक्षागत कार्यक्रमों व योजनाओं का निर्माण किया जाए।
5 तकनीकी शिक्षकों द्वारा कक्षा में अनुशासनात्मक वातावरण के निर्माण के लिए उचित शिक्षण विधि को अपनाया जाए।
6 तकनीकी शिक्षा में शिक्षक द्वारा शिक्षण विधि, ग्रहकार्य, मूल्यांकन, पाठ्यक्रम निर्माण निर्देशन आदि में अनेक महत्वपूर्ण पक्षों में वांछित सुधार किया जाए।
7 विद्यार्थियों की शैक्षिक उपलब्धि का मूल्यांकन कक्षागत् परिस्थितियों के आधार पर किया जाए।
Title : Incidence of Hepatitis C virus in HBsAg positive cases
Dated :- Oct 25, 2015
Number of Attendee :20
Incidence of Hepatitis C virus in HBsAg positive cases

Discussion on Reason of Virus Spread
How Virus can be contained
Geographical impact on Virus
Environmental impact on Virus Cases
Title : भारत में भूमि सुधार
Dated :- Oct 11, 2015
Number of Attendee :20
इस प्रकार भूमि सुधारों के अन्तर्गत निम्नलिखित विषयों को सम्मिलित किया जाता है-
1. मध्यवर्तियों का उन्मूलन
2. काश्तकारी सुधार
3. लगान नियमन
4. भू-धारण की सुरक्षा
5. काश्तकारों को भूमि का स्वामित्वाधिकार प्रदान करना
6. भूमि की भावी प्राप्ति और वर्तमान जोतों पर सीमा निर्धारण
7. कृषि का पुनर्गठन
8. चकबन्दी
9. सहकारी खेती आदि।

Title : Effect of Parent Anxiety on Children
Dated :- Aug 09, 2015
Number of Attendee :25
  • Anxiety in Children
  • Different factors influencing Child Behavior
  • School environment effecting Child Behavior
Title : प्राचीन भारत का इतिहास एवम साहित्य
Dated :- Aug 08, 2015
Number of Attendee :20

भारत का इतिहास कई हजार साल पुराना माना जाता है। मेहरगढ़ पुरातात्विक दृष्टि से महत्वपूर्ण एक स्थान है जहाँ नवपाषाण युग (७००० ईसा-पूर्व से २५०० ईसा-पूर्व) के बहुत से अवशेष मिले हैं। सिन्धु घाटी सभ्यता, जिसका आरंभ काल लगभग ३३०० ईसापूर्व से माना जाता है, प्राचीन मिस्र और सुमेर सभ्यता के साथ विश्व की प्राचीनतम सभ्यता में से एक हैं। इस सभ्यता की लिपि अब तक सफलता पूर्वक पढ़ी नहीं जा सकी है। सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता वर्तमान पाकिस्तान और उससे सटे भारतीय प्रदेशों में फैली थी। पुरातत्त्व प्रमाणों के आधार पर १९०० ईसापूर्व के आसपास इस सभ्यता का अक्स्मात पतन हो गया। १९वी शताब्दी के पाश्चात्य विद्वानों के प्रचलित दृष्टिकोणों के अनुसार आर्यों का एक वर्ग भारतीय उप महाद्वीप की सीमाओं पर २००० ईसा पूर्व के आसपास पहुंचा और पहले पंजाब में बस गया और यही ऋग्वेद की ऋचाओं की रचना की गई। आर्यों द्वारा उत्तर तथा मध्य भारत में एक विकसित सभ्यता का निर्माण किया गया, जिसे वैदिक सभ्यता भी कहते हैं। प्राचीन भारत के इतिहास में वैदिक सभ्यता सबसे प्रारंभिक सभ्यता है जिसका संबंध आर्यों के आगमन से है। इसका नामकरण आर्यों के प्रारम्भिक साहित्य वेदों के नाम पर किया गया है। आर्यों की भाषा संस्कृत थी और धर्म "वैदिक धर्म" या "सनातन धर्म" के नाम से प्रसिद्ध था, बाद में विदेशी आक्रांताओं द्वारा इस धर्म का नाम हिन्दू पड़ा।

Title : JOB SATISFACTION OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS
Dated :- Jul 21, 2015
Number of Attendee :25
The successful running of any educational system depends mainly upon the teacher, the curriculum and facilities. Of these, the teacher is the most important factor in the reconstruction of our education system. The teacher has been called a nation builder and a server of mankind in the field of education.
The term “job satisfaction” as defined in the dictionary of education is “the quality, state and level of satisfaction which is result of various interests and attitude of a person towards his job”. In the light of above statement we can summarize job satisfaction as an attitude which results from balancing and summation of many likes and dislikes experienced in connection with the job. 
Title : Different Ways to Engage with Customer in Telecom Sector
Dated :- Jul 19, 2015
Number of Attendee :25
  • Use of Customer relationship management in telecom sector in present context
  • Benefits of Engaging with customer
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Jul 19, 2015
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : Freedom movement in Indian history
Dated :- Jul 12, 2015
Number of Attendee :25

Freedom movement in Indian history

Role of Congress

Global Scenario after World War II

Title : भारतीय स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन में उत्पन्न सांप्रदायिक तत्वों की भारत विभाजन में भूमिका
Dated :- Jul 12, 2015
Number of Attendee :20
आधुनिक भारत में सांप्रदायिकता के विकास की चर्चा करने  से पहले शायद यह उपयोगी होगा कि हम इस शब्द की परिभाषा तय कर लें और उन बुनियादी गलतफहमियों को समझ लें जो इसके साथ लिपटी रही हैं। सांप्रदायिक समस्या हमारे जीवन में इतने लंबे समय से मौजूद रही है कि यह एक बहुत ही साधारण और साफ सी चीज लगती है। लेकिन वास्तविकता शायद इसके विपरीत है। एक ही धर्म मानने वालों के सांसारिक हित यानि राजनीतिक, आर्थिक सामाजिक और सांस्कृतिक हित भी एक जैसे ही होते हैं। सांप्रदायिक विचारधारा के उदय का यह पहला आधार है। इसी से धर्म पर आधारित सामाजिक-राजनीतिक समुदायों की धारणा का जन्म होता है। वर्गांे, जातीय समूहों, भाषाई, सांस्कृतिक जमायतों, राष्ट्रों या प्रांतों और राज्यांे जैसी राजनीतिक क्षेत्रीय इकाइयों के स्थान पर धर्म पर आधारित इन समुदायों को ही भारतीय समाज की बुनियादी इकाइयों के रूप में देखा जाने लगता है। ऐसा मान लिया जाता है कि भारतीय जनता धर्म पर आधारित इन समुदायों के सदस्यों के रूप में ही अपने सामाजिक और राजनीतिक जीवन का संचालन कर सकती है तथा अपने सामूहिक यानि गैर व्यक्तिगत हितों की सुरक्षा कर सकती है। बुनियादी रूप से सांप्रदायिकता ही वह विचारधारा है, जिसके आधार पर सांप्रदायिक राजनीति खड़ी होती है। 
Title : International Seminar on the Information Communication Technology in Education
Dated :- Jun 21, 2015
Number of Attendee :25

SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner.

Title : Prevalence of HBsAg, HCV and HIV in hepatic diseases
Dated :- Jan 18, 2015
Number of Attendee :20
Prevalence of HBsAg, HCV and HIV in hepatic diseases 

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection has emerged as a leading cause of morbidity due to liver disease throughout the world in the last two decades. Among the HIV infected patients, HBV and HCV co-infections are more prevalent due to overlapping transmission routes3. The introduction of highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has led to a marked reduction in the morbidity and mortality and has resulted in increased survival in HIV infected patients3,4. Consequently, the importance of co-morbidities such as chronic liver disease due to HBV and HCV infection is being recognized as significant problems. HIV infection modifies the natural history of chronic parenterally acquired hepatitis C with unusually rapid progression to cirrhosis. Overall survival of HIV positive patients is not affected by the presence of HCV. However, HCV predisposes to death from liver failure<o:p></o:p>

In co-infection, the presence of one virus impacts the natural history of the other virus. HIV accelerates the natural course of HBV and HCV infection and facilitates faster progression of liver disease to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Disease progression to cirrhosis in HIV positive patients is almost three-times faster as compared to HIV negative patients4,5,6. Most of the studies in HIV-HBV and HIV-HCV co-infected patients have been conducted among western patient populations. Understanding HBV and HCV co-infection with HIV is particularly important in Asian countries due to high background prevalence of HBV and HCV9. The present study was undertaken with the objective to assess the presence of HBV or HCV co-infection in HIV infected patients at a tertiary care centre in southern India.

Title : International relations in contemporary history
Dated :- Dec 07, 2014
Number of Attendee :25

International relations in contemporary history

Title : महात्‍मा गांधी राष्‍ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार गारंटी योजना का आर्थिक अद्ययन
Dated :- Oct 25, 2014
Number of Attendee :20

निश्चित रूप से मनरेगा केवल ग्रामीण रोजगार के लिए लाभकारी सिद्ध हुआ है बल्कि इसने ग्रामीणों की सामाजिक- आर्थिक स्थिति को सुधारने का मौका भी प्रदान किया है।

वर्ष 2006 में इस कार्यक्रम की शुरूआत से अब तक सीधे ग्रामीण कामगार परिवारों को मजदूरी भुगतान के रूप में 1,63,754.41 करोड़ रूपए की राशि वितरित की गई है। 1,657.45 करोड़ श्रम दिवसों के रोजगार का सृजन हुआ है।<o:p></o:p>

  • वर्ष 2008 से हर वर्ष औसतन 5 करोड़ ग्रामीण परिवारों को मजदूरी रोजगार प्राप् हुआ है।
  • 31 मार्च, 2014 तक अनुसूचित जातियों और अनुसूचित जनजातियों की भागीदारी 48 प्रतिशत रही है। कुल सृजित श्रम दिवसों में महिलाओं के श्रम दिवस 48 प्रतिशत रहे हैं।
  • महिलाओं की यह भागीदारी इस अधिनियम में यथापेक्षित 33 प्रतिशत की अनिवार्य सीमा से काफी अधिक है।
  • इस कार्यक्रम की शुरूआत से अब तक इस अधिनियम के अंतर्गत 260 लाख कार्य शुरू किए गए हैं। इस कार्यक्रम की शुरूआत से प्रति श्रम दिवस औसत मजदूरी 81 प्रतिशत बढ़ी है। अधिसूचित मजदूरी दरें मेघालय में न्यूनतम 153 रूपए से हरियाणा में अधिकतम 236 रूपए तक हैं।
  • त्‍वरित और पारदर्शी संचालन सुनिश्चित करने के लिए इलेक्ट्रानिक निधि निगरानी प्रणाली (ईएफएमएस) और इलेक्ट्रानिक मस्टर प्रबंधन प्रणाली (ईएमएमएस) शुरू की गई है।
  • इनके अतिरिक् कामगारों के खातों में आधार समर्थित प्रत्यक्ष इलेक्ट्रानिक अंतरण में बैंकों और बिजनेस कारेस्पेंडेंटों(बी.सी.) के बीच कार्य संचालन का प्रावधान भी है।

Title : Globalization and rural Agricultural Economy
Dated :- Oct 19, 2014
Number of Attendee :25

The Common Meaning of Globalization is to treat the whole world as one village. The Concept Of global Village is not a concept. Today the social economic Culture ion and political relation have crossed all national boundaries. This increasing self-dependence of the world can be called global commercialization or away. The people of many developing countries like India are feeling the adverse effect of increasing globalization in terms of livelihood and employment. The rural farmers are affected by the rise and fall of world markets and the storm of globalization is threatening to sweep the Indian culture. Today the Indian Rural market is full of foreign goods. According to one estimates there are about 4600 foreign companies selling cosmetics, soft drinks, fast foods and electronic goods. They have even claiming patent rights on Indian plants and trees by producing the seeds. The globalization is a wide and comprehensive economic process whose scope spreads countries and societies of the overall the counties and societies of the world. Globalization is the process of integration of the world economics in condition of free markets, which includes free flow of trade and capital and movement of persons across national borders.

Title : Relevance of customer retention strategies used by telecom service providers
Dated :- Oct 19, 2014
Number of Attendee :20
Relevance of customer retention strategies used by telecom service providers in india
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Jul 20, 2014
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON changing EDUCATION standards
Dated :- Apr 20, 2014
Number of Attendee :25

Seminar in association with Industry Leader and Institute was conducted.
This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars about latest trends due to Global needs.

Title : Knowledge Management
Dated :- Apr 10, 2014
Number of Attendee :30

Knowledge Management is one of the key areas today organizations are much cared about. Organizations today are bound to face immense competition from the market players both domestic and global. The twin effect of Globalization and the growth of Information Technology (especially Internet) have really put them in a situation to manage their resources effectively to serve their customers in a better way. Further emergence of Global market really brought out the concepts of ERP and CRM - caring for customers

Knowledge is basically classified into two namely Explicit and Tacit.

Explicit Knowledge is Procedural, systematic and is out of the practices that are followed. It can be easily articulated, captured, recorded and distributed as procedures in different formats. Organizations adapt various methods that reflects the Explicit knowledge gained out of past experiences and learning.

The other is Tacit Knowledge, which is difficult to articulate and which are the outcome of individual's direct experience towards a situation along with his intellectual capability. These are not shared through formal procedures but by informal ways like storytelling, conversations and shared experience. Tacit knowledge found in the subconscious mind of the individual is very difficult to cultivate and where the real challenge for the organizations lies

Knowledge management involves the capture of organization's information and experience so that it becomes part of the organization's know-how and expertise, which can be pooled, disseminated and used by the skilled staff in doing and winning profitable business. Thus, Knowledge management caters to the critical issues of organizational adaptation, survival, and competence in face of increasingly discontinuous environmental change. Organizations should build their own systems to carryout the Knowledge Process. With the state of art technology in Information Systems like Expert Systems, Artificial Intelligence Organizations can really pool out the Knowledge base existing in the organization (Internally and Externally) in order to make the quick response to the demand and the change. The whole Knowledge Management Process evolves.

Title : Impact on Economy of North India due to Globalization
Dated :- Jan 18, 2014
Number of Attendee :25

Economic growth accelerated and poverty declined globally following the acceleration of globalization.

Per capita GDP growth in the post-1980 globalizes accelerated from 1.4 percent a year in the 1960s and 2.9 percent a year in the 1970s to 3.5 percent in the 1980s and 5.0 percent in the 1990s. This acceleration in growth is even more remarkable given that the rich countries saw steady declines in growth from a high of 4.7 percent in the 1960s to 2.2 percent in the 1990s. Also, the non-globalizing developing countries did much worse than the globalizers, with the former's annual growth rates falling from highs of 3.3 percent during the 1970s to only 1.4 percent during the 1990s. This rapid growth among the globalizers is not simply due to the strong performances of China and India in the 1980s and 1990s—18 out of the 24 globalizers experienced increases in growth, many of them quite substantial."

Growth Rate of Real GDP per capita

According to the International Monetary Fund, growth benefits of economic globalization are widely shared. While several globalizers have seen an increase in inequality, most notably China, this increase in inequality is a result of domestic liberalization, restrictions on internal migration, and agricultural policies, rather than a result of international trade.

Title : International Seminar on the Information Communication Technology in Education
Dated :- Oct 19, 2013
Number of Attendee :30
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner.
Title : मध्य भारत के ग्रामीण विकास में मनरेगा की भूमिका
Dated :- Aug 18, 2013
Number of Attendee :20

विश्व की सबसे बड़ी तथा महत्वाकांक्षी योजना महात्मा गांधी राष्ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार गारंटी योजना 2006 में आरंभ की गई। लागू होने के 6 वर्ष के भीतर इस योजना ने वास्तव में ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों की तस्वीर बदल डाली है। वर्ष 2010-11 के दौरान इस योजना के तहत 5.49 करोड़ परिवारों को रोजगार मिला है। इस योजना के द्वारा अब तक करीब 1200 करोड़ रोजगार दिवस का कार्य हुआ है। ग्रामीणों के बीच 1,10,000 करोड़ रुपये की मजदूरी वितरित की जा चुकी है। आंकड़ों के मुताबिक प्रति वर्ष औसतन एक-चैथाई परिवारों ने इस योजना से लाभ लिया है। यह योजना सामाजिक समावेशन की दिशा में बेहतर सिद्ध हुई है। मनरेगा के द्वारा कुल कामों के 51 प्रतिशत कामों में अनुसूचित जाति जनजाति तथा 47 प्रतिशत महिलाओं को शामिल किया गया। मनरेगा में प्रति अकुशल मजदूर को 180 रुपये दिये जाते हैं। इसका प्रभाव व्यापक रूप से पड़ा है। निजी कार्यों के लिए भी पारंपरिक मजदूरी जोकि अपेक्षाकृत काफी कम थी, इसके प्रभाव स्वरूप बढ़ गई है। <o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>निश्चित रूप से मनरेगा केवल ग्रामीण रोजगार के लिए लाभकारी सिद्ध हुआ है बल्कि इसने ग्रामीणों की सामाजिक- आर्थिक स्थिति को सुधारने का मौका भी प्रदान किया है।

Title : Political Culture of Modern India State
Dated :- Jun 09, 2013
Number of Attendee :25

Culture is regarded as a complex phenomenon which includes knowledge, art, belief, morals, law, custom and other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society. Culture may be said to have composed of two parts, i.e.,  material culture and non-material culture. Material culture includes all the material and tangible equipments and objects which are made and produced by human beings. On the other hand, non-material equipment and capabilities made and acquired  by man in group life are included in non-material culture.

      The people of a society share a common human nature like emotional drives, intellectual capacities and moral perspectives. The common human nature expresses itself in the form of certain values, belief and emotional attitudes which are transmitted from one generation to another, though with greater or lesser modifications, and they constitute the general culture of that society. Social relationships are subject to an endless process of transformation, of growth and decay of fusion and separation. Since they are all expressions of human nature, the social relationships of the present are found in germ at least in the past and those of the past survive, if only as relics in the present.

      Culture, is therefore, a profound possession that ramifies throughout human life. No matter what aspect or part of society is considered, the presence of a cultural mode of transmission is of  paramount importance. Politics is one of the unavoidable circumstances/facts of human existence/relations. Everyone is involved in some fashion at some time in some kind of political system. Each political system is embedded in a sociological and psychological environment- the set of values, beliefs, orientation and attitudes of the people toward politics, i.e., the political culture. The political culture of a society defines  the situation in which political action takes place. It provides the subjective orientation to politics. The political culture  is of course but one aspect of politics.

    However, the political culture encompasses both the political ideals and the operating norms of a polity. Political culture includes not only the attitudes to the politics, political values, ideologies, national character and cultural ethos,  but also the style, manner and substantive form of politics. The political culture of a people gives them an orientation towards their polity and its processes. One way to learn about  political beliefs is to observe the ways in which political structure operates. These beliefs affect and are affected  by the way in which the structures operate and there is a close circle of relationship between culture and structure. Political culture is thus the manifestation in aggregate form of the psychological and subjective dimensions of politics. A political culture is the product of both the collective history of a political system and the life histories of the members of that system. In brief, political culture is to the political system what  culture is to the social system.

  i)    Orientations of problem solving.

      ii)    Orientations to collective action.

      iii)   Orientations to the political system and

      iv)   Orientations  to other people.

Title : Basic Level computer courses for deserving People with financial constraints
Dated :- May 12, 2013
Number of Attendee :25
Total Attended 10 (2 batches of 5)
In our neighborhood many deserving people need to know computers but are not able to do it due to finical limitations, these deserving poor candidates are needed to use computers for their day to day activities and getting information for Government welfare initiatives so that they are empowered to take part in mainstream development of themselves and community. 
Under the banner of Shri Param Hans Education and research foundation trust, we did collaboration with local industry and conducted 5 days training session for 2 hours daily using their infrastructure following was covered in 10 hour session which was done for 5 days
• Basic Computer understanding
• Internet technology and how to do Internet search
• Basic typing and printing
• Basic Microsoft Word Processing
• Introduction to E Governance
Title : Workshop in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Jan 20, 2013
Number of Attendee :40

Most researchers begin thinking about their research by considering whether they should administer a questionnaire or conduct interviews. However, answers to such question lie in the center of research onion as developed by Saunders. Questions to be asked are choice of research philosophy, research paradigm and research approach to be adopted. Few noteworthy points include:

* Research philosophy contains assumptions about the way you view the world.
* There are three major ways of thinking about research philosophy: Epistemology, ontology and axiology. Each contains important differences which will influence the way in which you think about the research process.
* Positivism relates to the philosophical stance of a natural scientist. This entails working with an observable social reality.
* Deductive research approach is about testing a theory. It includes deducing a hypothesis from the theory, expressing the hypothesis in operational terms, testing this operational hypothesis.
* Inductive research approach is about building a theory. it includes gaining an understanding of the meanings humans attach to events.

Quantitative or qualitative research, primary or secondary data depends more on the intrinsic characteristics of the research topic. A mixed research methodology is often adopted to dig out answers to specific research questions in specific contexts.

Title : Financial & Education Assistance for Poor deserving Research scholar
Dated :- Dec 20, 2012
Number of Attendee :25
At Shri Param Hans Education and research foundation trust , we are helping deserving research scholars and teacher to complete their higher education so that they can impart quality education to their students at low cost. Few deserving research scholars and teachers have been provided scholarship so that they can do research and can read latest material in their field. For this we get associated with International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology which is approved by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION RESOURCES (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)
Title : Workshop in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Nov 18, 2012
Number of Attendee :25

Most researchers begin thinking about their research by considering whether they should administer a questionnaire or conduct interviews. However, answers to such question lie in the center of research onion as developed by Saunders. Questions to be asked are choice of research philosophy, research paradigm and research approach to be adopted. Few noteworthy points include:

* Research philosophy contains assumptions about the way you view the world.
* There are three major ways of thinking about research philosophy: Epistemology, ontology and axiology. Each contains important differences which will influence the way in which you think about the research process.
* Positivism relates to the philosophical stance of a natural scientist. This entails working with an observable social reality.
* Deductive research approach is about testing a theory. It includes deducing a hypothesis from the theory, expressing the hypothesis in operational terms, testing this operational hypothesis.
* Inductive research approach is about building a theory. it includes gaining an understanding of the meanings humans attach to events.

Quantitative or qualitative research, primary or secondary data depends more on the intrinsic characteristics of the research topic. A mixed research methodology is often adopted to dig out answers to specific research questions in specific contexts.

Title : Virus and Anti Virus
Dated :- Oct 07, 2012
Number of Attendee :25
A computer program that causes it to be classified as a virus is not its ability to destroy data, but its ability to gain control of the computer and make a fully functional copy of itself. Not all computer programs that are destructive are classified as viruses because they do not all reproduce, and not all viruses are destructive because reproduction is not destructive. But, all viruses do reproduce.

TOOLS NEEDED FOR WRITING VIRUSES
Viruses are written in assembly language.
High level languages like Basic, C, and Pascal have been designed to generate stand-alone programs

FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF A VIRUS
Search Routine
Copy Routine
Anti Detection Routine

Title : Definition of Mobile Phone Cloning
Dated :- Aug 25, 2012
Number of Attendee :25

Cell phone cloning is copying the identity of one mobile telephone to another mobile telephone.

Usually this is done for the purpose of making fraudulent telephone calls. The bills for the calls go to the legitimate subscriber. The cloner is also able to make effectively anonymous calls, which attracts another group of interested users. Cloning is the process of taking the programmed information that is stored in a legitimate mobile phone and illegally programming the identical information into another mobile phone. The result is that the "cloned" phone can make and receive calls and the charges for those calls are billed to the legitimate subscriber. The service provider network does not have a way to differentiate between the legitimate phone and the "cloned" phone

HOW IS CELL CLONING DONE?

Cloning involved modifying or replacing the EPROM in the phone with a new chip which would allow you to configure an ESN (Electronic serial number) via software. You would also have to change the MIN (Mobile Identification Number). When you had successfully changed the ESN/MIN pair, your phone was an effective clone of the other phone. Cloning required access to ESN and MIN pairs. ESN/MIN pairs were discovered in several ways:


•Sniffing the cellular

•Trashing cellular companies or cellular resellers

•Hacking cellular companies or cellular resellers

Cloning still works under the AMPS/NAMPS system, but has fallen in popularity as older clone able phones are more difficult to find and newer phones have not been successfully reverse-engineered.

Cloning has been successfully demonstrated under GSM, but the process is not easy and it currently remains in the realm of serious hobbyists and researchers.

HOW TO PREVENT CELL CLONING?

Uniquely identifies a mobile unit within a wireless carrier's network. The MIN often can be dialed from other wireless or wire line networks. The number differs from the electronic serial number (ESN), which is the unit number assigned by a phone manufacturer. MINs and ESNs can be checked electronically to help prevent fraud.

.Mobiles should never be trusted for communicating/storing confidential information.

Always set a Pin that's required before the phone can be used.

Check that all mobile devices are covered by a corporate security policy.

Ensure one person is responsible for keeping tabs on who has what equipment and that they update the central register. How do service providers handle reports of cloned phones?

Legitimate subscribers who have their phones cloned will receive bills with charges for calls they didn't make. Sometimes these charges amount to several thousands of dollars in addition to the legitimate charges.   

Typically, the service provider will assume the cost of those additional fraudulent calls. However, to keep the cloned phone from continuing to receive service, the service provider will terminate the legitimate phone subscription. The subscriber is then required to activate a new subscription with a different phone number requiring reprogramming of the phone, along with the additional headaches that go along with phone number changes.

Title : Seminar on network configuration
Dated :- Aug 11, 2012
Number of Attendee :12

Network element configuration, information retrieval and event notification are the major tasks in network management. Network configurations were till now done using either the command line interface or SNMP or CORBA. NETCONF or network configuration protocol (RFC 6241) came as an alternative and more preferred mechanism for network configuration. It provides a document oriented (XML/YANG) approach to configure and retrieve network element configuration. It also provides locking mechanism.

This seminar will cover:

1. NETCONF protocol.

2. NETCONF  vs SNMP.

3. NETCONF datastores – running, candidate and startup.

4. NETCONF operations.

5. Capabilities in NETCONF

6. NETCONF  over SSH (RFC 6242)

7. Introduction to events in netconf.

8. Introduction to Yang data model

Title : Parliamentary privilege , a comparative study
Dated :- Jul 15, 2012
Number of Attendee :25

In India, as in England, members of Parliament are central to the functioning of legislatures. As representatives of the people and the law-making body of the land, they are expected to act with discipline, decorum and dignity. Recent sting operations have uncovered corrupt practices involving members of Parliament which raise questions about Parliamentary functioning. Although these allegedly erring members have been expelled, several hitherto unexplored questions have been thrown open.

Though there have been many instances of expulsion of members, there are only too few cases in the constitutional history of India when members have been expelled for the kind of misdemeanour that has allegedly taken place recently. After the expulsion of Shri H.G. Mudgal in 1951, who was accused of abusing his position in the Parliament and receiving gratification from the bullion market in Bombay, there have been a few other expulsions. some of those instances are discussed below.

Mr. Subramaniam Swamy, a member of the Rajya Sabha (the House of States) was expelled in 1976 because he made anti-emergency speeches and referred to the Indian Parliament as a captive-house. After the imposition of emergency, he had fled to another country and made these speeches. Post emergency, after the fall of the Congress government, Mrs. Indira Gandhi was expelled from the House for breach of privilege and contempt of house by causing intimidation, obstruction, harassment and institution of false cases.

Expulsion was always a weapon to satisfy hatred. It was used by political parties against their rivals. It has to be seen that though there have been expulsions in the Indian Parliament, the present breach of privilege signifies a grave misconduct. It was never contemplated that there would be such a time when, on such a large scale, members of Parliament would be found taking bribe and expulsion would have to be resorted to.

Title : English Literature
Dated :- Jul 15, 2012
Number of Attendee :15
<span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman", serif; letter-spacing: -0.05pt;">T<span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman", serif; letter-spacing: 0.05pt;">h<span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;">eatre is a living organ of society. It has grown and developed with human psyche and human relationships. It is dynamic. Theatre is a life size art. Its history is virtually a history of creatures endeavours of a nation practically in every field. In the early stages, the history of the theatre is in fact the history of the origin of elements of the theatre which came together in the course of time to weave its rich fabric. Theatre since ages had been in fluid form. It has been assuming different forms and dimensions in the context of various socio-physic situations and circumstances. It assumed the shape in whatever context it has been placed.
Title : E-business
Dated :- Jun 16, 2012
Number of Attendee :25

All definitions that are floating out there strive to distinguish "E-business" from "E-commerce." The former refers to the process of using the Internet and associated technologies to transform every business process and E-enable all parts of the organization's value chain from acquiring, serving, and retaining customers to interacting with employees, partners, and the world at large.  "E-commerce" can safely be considered one vital but small part in the overall E-business ar chitecture. There are two basic categories of businesses conducted over the Inter- net. The first category is the Business-to-Consumer (B2C) segment, which includes the popular, Wall Street-friendly businesses like Amazon, E*Trade, etc. 


The second is the Business-to-Business (B2B) segment, which is in creasingly overshadowing the B2C segment and includes such names as Chemtex and Auto Exchange.  Despite fundamental differences in the busi ness models of these two categories, they share one common key aspect - use of Internet technologies to manage all aspects of the business. This article presents an integrated architecture for these Internet technologies so that organizations can effectively implement whichever type of business model they choose

Effective E-businesses architecture must satisfy a basic set of requirements. The following sections discuss these requirements. Multiple Access Channels While the past decade has seen the use of the Internet as the point of contact with the customer as distinguished from the traditional channels; businesses are increasingly finding that customers are using multiple channels to satisfy their needs.  This includes the Internet, handheld devices like Palm Pilots, mobile communication devices like the cell phone, and set-top boxes for cable.      

E-commerce covers outward-facing processes that touch customers, suppliers and external partners, including sales, marketing, order taking, delivery, customer service, purchasing of raw materials and supplies for production and procurement of indirect operating-expense items, such as office supplies. It involves new business models and the potential to gain new revenue or lose some existing revenue to new competitors.

It's ambitious but relatively easy to implement because it involves only three types of integration: vertical integration of front-end Web site applications to existing transaction systems; cross-business integration of a company with Web sites of customers, suppliers or intermediaries such as Web-based marketplaces; and integration of technology with modestly redesigned processes for order handling, purchasing or customer service.

E-business includes e-commerce but also covers internal processes such as production, inventory management, product development, risk management, finance, knowledge management and human resources. E-business strategy is more complex, more focused on internal processes, and aimed at cost savings and improvements in efficiency, productivity and cost savings

Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Apr 15, 2012
Number of Attendee :20
SPHERT is proud to announce 3 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : Challenges of Human Resource Management in Global Market place
Dated :- Apr 15, 2012
Number of Attendee :25
The constant changes in retail sector (organized and unorganised) over the past few years due to changing life style, rising consumerism, enhanced buying power of a section of the population, relaxation of FDI in retail sector and Govt. encouragement for local retailers etc. make the role of HRM more challenging. 
Title : MECHANICAL STRENGTH OF LIPID AND PROTEIN MEMBRANES
Dated :- Mar 18, 2012
Number of Attendee :25
  • THE STEROLS EFFECT ON THE MECHANICAL STRENGTH OF LIPID AND PROTEIN MEMBRANES
Title : Challenges in Distributing Services through Electronic Channels
Dated :- Jan 20, 2012
Number of Attendee :25

Customers Are Active, Not Passive, and Must Be Enticed

Traditional advertising media such as magazines and television consider the customer a passive receiver of their messages. If the customer is reading an article or watching a television program, he will most likely see the advertisement. While we know that not all customers stay in the room for a television advertisement, most of us see hundreds of ads a day and accept this as an inevitable by-product of consuming entertainment and informational media. The user of the Web, however, is different: It's not that Web users aren't interested in learning about new products and services or getting a great buy on an old standby, but they want to learn on their own terms. They want the choice to click or not, to view or not, and anything more than the gentlest form of persuasion from an advertiser is likely to be construed as an intrusion.

Lack of Control of the Electronic Environment

It did not take long for the Internet to face the challenges of unregulated media. As soon as the network became popular, pornographic and other controversial material started to appear. When a service's advertising or information appears in proximity to such material, the result can be a negative spillover effect. It is similar to the challenge advertisers face in using print media such as TV Guide-the advertiser has to be careful to separate its advertising for banking from the ever-present ads on balding-concealment devices and quick weight-loss programs. With the TV Guide, however, the advertiser could request or pay for the right positioning, something not possible on the Internet at this time.

Price Competition

One of the traditional differences between goods and services has been the difficulty of directly comparing features and prices of services with each other. Whereas goods can typically be compared in retail settings, few retail settings exist that offer services from multiple sources. The Internet has changed all that. Services such as CompareNet and Priceline.com make it simple for customers to compare prices for a wide variety of services. Compare Net is a broker that will compare products and services feature for feature and price for price in an online version of information similar to Consumer Reports. Priceline.com is even more revolutionary. It allows customers to name their price for a service such as an airline ticket, wait until Priceline.com finds anairline willing to accept it, then purchase the ticket. Never has the customer has such ability to bid on prices for services. In a later chapter, we describe another type. of price competition spawned by the Internet: the Internet auction as presented by such companies as eBay, which sells more than one million products and services in more than 1,000 categories.

Inability to Customize with Highly Standardized Electronic Services

Some of you have experienced learning basic college courses through large, video-transmitted courses. If you consider what you missed in learning that way compared with learning directly from a professor, you will understand this challenge. In mass sections, you cannot interact directly with the professor, ask questions, raise points for clarification, or experience the connection that you receive in person. In electronic classes-as in videoconferences that are springing up in many businesses-the quality of the service can also be impeded by the way the audience reacts (or doesn't react) in those situations. People talk among themselves, leave, laugh, and criticize, among other behaviors.

Lack of Consistency because of Customer Involvement

While electronic channels are very effective in minimizing the inconsistency from employees or providers of service, customer variability still presents a problem. Many times the customer produces the service himself using the technology, leading to errors or frustration unless the technology is highly user-friendly. Maneuvering online can sometimes be overwhelming, and not all Websites are currently easy to use. Furthermore, a large percentage of customers do not have computers and, even if they do, may be reluctant to try or continue using the medium

The advancement in the field of computers and its applications gave a momentum to Knowledge management where Organizations started realizing it as a competitive advantage. And now, Knowledge Management is considered to be beyond the Data Warehouses and Data Marts. It is not only the application of those technologies like OLTP, Data Mining and OLAP but beyond which speaks on collaboration, Expertise Location, Learning and Business Intelligence etc. Yes, Knowledge Management is just not the use of technologies. Consider the following key myths of Knowledge Management.

Title : Business Education and Economic development
Dated :- Jan 15, 2012
Number of Attendee :30
The relevance of business education as a part of economics lies with the acquisition of competency in some important areas like Management, Finance, Accountancy, Marketing, Insurance, Entrepreneurship, Auditing etc. These areas are basically comprise at business education and industrial Units. To develop the skill and attitude of businessman as well as employees in the business organization, the necessity of study the business education is very essential.
Title : INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON changing EDUCATION standards
Dated :- Jan 15, 2012
Number of Attendee :35
Seminar in association with Industry Leader and Institute was conducted. 
This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars about latest trends due to Global needs.
Title : सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी में हिन्दी का योगदान
Dated :- Jan 11, 2012
Number of Attendee :35
वर्ष 2011 की जनगणना के आंकड़ों के अनुसार आज भारत में अंग्रेजी (टूटी-फूटी ही सही) जानने-समझने व बोलने वालों की संख्या मात्र बारह करोड़ है जबकि हिन्दी जानने-समझने, बोलने वालों की संख्या 55-56 करोड़ से अधिक है.... कम्प्यूटर व सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी आज प्रमुख व आधार विषय हैं। इनका अध्ययन व प्रयोग अच्छी नौकरी या व्यवसाय की गांरटी है। आज भारतीय साॅफ्टवेयर विशेषज्ञों ने पूरे विश्व में झंडा गाड़ रखा है। अन्य विषयों के अध्ययन व प्रयोग में भी कम्प्यूटरों व सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी का भरपूर उपयोग होता है...... विश्व समुदाय मानता है कि भारत में आईटी के क्षेत्र में प्रतिभाओं की अद्भुत खोज हुई है। एक समय बाद भारतीय प्रतिभाएं दुनिया के लिए बड़ी मजबूरी बन जाएंगी, क्योंकि भारत के पास यही एक दौलत है जिसके बूते पर प्रतिभाओं के क्षेत्र में भी सदियों से उसका इकबाल कायम है।
Title : International Seminar on the Nano Technology
Dated :- Jan 10, 2012
Number of Attendee :30
International Seminar on the Nano Technology
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Jan 08, 2012
Number of Attendee :30
SPHERT is proud to announce 3 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : वर्तमान में हिन्दी की प्रासंगिकता
Dated :- Dec 18, 2011
Number of Attendee :35
भारत की भाषायी स्थिति और उसमें हिंदी के स्थान को देखने से यह स्पष्ट हो जाता है कि हिंदी आज भारतीय जनता के बीच राष्ट्रीय सम्पर्क की भाषा है। हिंदी की भाषागत विशेषता भी यह है कि उसे सीखना और व्यवहार में लाना अन्य भाषाओं के अपेक्षा ज्यादा सुविधाजनक और आसान है। हिंदी भाषा में एक विशेषता यह भी है कि वह लोक भाषा की विशेषताओं से सम्पन्न है। बड़े पैमाने पर अशिक्षित लोचदार भाषा है, जिससे वह दूसरी भाषाओं में शब्दों, वाक्य-संरचना और बोलचालजन्य आग्रहों को स्वीकार करने में समर्थ है। इसके अलावा ध्यान देने की बात यह है कि हिंदी में आज विभिन्न भारतीय भाषाओं का साहित्य लाया जा चुका है। विभिन्न भारतीय भाषाओं के लेखकों को हिंदी के पाठक जानते हैं, उनके बारे में जानते हैं। भारत की भाषायी विविधता के बीच हिंदी की भाषायी पहचान मुख्यतः हिंदी है। भारत के औद्योगिक प्रतिष्ठानों के आधार पर बने नगरों और महानगरों में भारत की राष्ट्रीय एकता और सामाजिक संस्कृति का स्वरूप देखने को मिलता है। इसी प्रसंग में कहना चाहता हूँ कि यदि हिंदी-क्षेत्र के राज्य औद्योगिक रूप से और ज्यादा विकसित होते तो राष्ट्रीय एकता और भाषायी एकता का आधार और विस्तृत और मजबूत होता। लेकिन आज की स्थिति में भी भारत में हिंदी की जो राष्ट्रीय भूमिका है, उतना भी उसके अंतर्राष्ट्रीय महत्व को महसूस कराने में समर्थ है।
Title : Emotional Intelligence and stress management
Dated :- Dec 13, 2011
Number of Attendee :35
Emotional intelligence should help you handle stress better, for several reasons. There are four parts to EI: self-awareness, self-management, empathy and social skill.  Self-awareness  can help you notice when you are becoming stressed, which in turn make you better able to calm down before your reaction builds to an unmanageable level. Empathy and social skill should allow you to be more effective in how you express yourself–including knowing how and when to be candid. But these skills need to be learned. 
Title : Seminar in Research Methodology and Quantitative Analysis
Dated :- Dec 11, 2011
Number of Attendee :25
SPHERT is proud to announce 1 days Seminar in association with IIMPS as an academic partner. This Seminar aims to educate Ph.D research scholars to carry out their research effectively.
Title : Oral Communication Activities
Dated :- Dec 08, 2011
Number of Attendee :25

Dyadic Communication

The term "dyadic communication" is general reference to an interaction between two persons. Even if more than two persons are present in a situation, it is only two communications that play fundamental role. The formal dyadic communication with which we are concerned demands artistry that can be acquired through practice, dyadic communication may take a number of forms but we shall discuss only the following file, face to face conversation, telephonic conversation, interview, inspection and dictation.

Face to face conversation:

Conversation is the most common form of dyadic communication. It links people together to be in social or personal life. Conversation may be defined as oral and usual informal or friendly exchange of views, ideas etc. In a conversation the participants has to play the role of a speaker or a listener interchangeable the role that the best practice for conversation itself holds true.

Helpful hints for successful face to face conversation

1. The conversation should be of interest to the participant and may being with a topic in which both have some interest. As it flow into new channels adjusts yourself to be comments and new point of view this needs not bother you because often during this spells new thoughts are generated.

2. Be alert to the attitudes that others may have and don't be surprised when you realise that the attitudes are likely to change.

3. Occasionally call the person by name and look at him while speaking, if you speak the name aloud you would be generating a more friendly feeling to cop it all take care of a language and oral demeanour.

4. Be always courteous and cheerful. Feel interested in what is being said.

5. Being dogmatic and argumentative may spoil your conversation. But it is useful to have a point of view.

6. Avoid pet and superfluous words and phrases

Telephonic Conversation:

One form of dyadic conversation is interaction between two persons on a telephone. In this form the advantage of using body language and eye contact is lost. But it is one of the common and fastest ways of contacting persons. It is simple handy in the long run economically, therefore it is termed as prices less means of communication.

Guidelines for telephonic conversation:

1. Cultivate a cheerful and friendly tone.

2. Modulate your voice.

3. Never sound hurried, flustered or impotence.

4. Pronunciate your words clearly.

5. Do not use slang.

6. Speak distinctly if you use a word which is likely to be misunderstood, spell it out.

7. Listen attentively to the caller.

8. Be courteous in all the circumstances.

9. Don't engage your telephone longer than necessary

Title : Cyber law infringement in digital environment
Dated :- Oct 16, 2011
Number of Attendee :25

With the development of the digital environment intellectual property faced new problems and challenges. Therefore, the intellectual property industry is searching for protection, control over the use of copyrights, patents and trademarks. Nowadays, the cloud technology is seen as a solution and also creator of new problems in the intellectual property industry.

In the era of cyber world as the usage of computers became more popular, there was expansion in the growth of technology as well, and the term ‘Cyber’ became more familiar to the people. The evolution of Information Technology (IT) gave birth to the cyber space wherein internet provides equal opportunities to all the people to access any information, data storage, analyse etc. with the use of high technology. Due to increase in the number of netizens, misuse of technology in the cyberspace was clutching up which gave birth to cyber crimes at the domestic and international level as well.

Though the word Crime carries its general meaning as “a legal wrong that can be followed by criminal proceedings which may result into punishment” whereas Cyber Crime may be “unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool or target or both”.

Title : निरंकार देव ‘सेवक जी‘ के बालसाहित्य द्वारा आर्दश स्थापना
Dated :- Oct 14, 2011
Number of Attendee :25
निरंकार देव ‘सेवक जी‘ के बालसाहित्य द्वारा आर्दश स्थापना 
नरंकार देव ‘सेवक जी‘ के बालसाहित्य में बालमनोविज्ञान
Title : हिन्दी पर अन्य भाषाओं का प्रभाव
Dated :- Oct 14, 2011
Number of Attendee :35
विश्व भर में बोलचाल के लिए लगभग 3,500 भाषाओं और बोलियों का प्रयोग किया जाता है, किन्तु एक मनुष्य से दूसरे मनुष्य तक लिखकर बात पहुँचाने में इनमें से 500 से अधिक भाषाओं या बोलियों का इस्तेमाल नहीं होता। मौखिक और लिखित दोनों प्रकार के संचार के लिए काम आने वाली भाषाओं में से लगभग 16 भाषाएँ ऐसी हैं, जिनका व्यवहार 5 करोड़ से अधिक लोग करते हैं। विश्व की ये 16 प्रमुख भाषाएँ हैं: अरबी, अंग्रेजी, इतावली, उदू्र, चीनी परिवार की भाषाएँ, जर्मन, जापानी, तमिल, तेलुगु, पुर्तग़्ााली, फ्रांसीसी, बांगला, मलय-बहासा (भाषा), रुसी, स्पेनी और हिन्दी।
यह गौरव की बात है कि भारत की ऐसा एकमात्र देश है, जिसकी पाँच भाषाएँ विश्व की 16 प्रमुख भाषाओं की सूची में शामिल हैं। भारतीय भाषाएँ बोलने वाले व्यक्ति भारत सहित 137 देशों में फैले हुए हैं। स्वयं भारत और अन्य 136 देशों में रहने वाले करोड़ों भारतवासियों में से किसी ने भी अब तक इस दिशा में वैज्ञानिक ढंग से शोध नहीं किया है। विश्व भाषाओं में हिन्दी का सही स्थान तलाशने का काम तृतीय विश्व हिन्दी सम्मेलन से ही शुरू कर दिया जाए तो अच्छा रहेगा। 

Title : बाल साहित्य का विकास
Dated :- Mar 16, 2011
Number of Attendee :20
बाल साहित्य अपनी परिभाषा में वह सृजनात्मक अभिव्यक्ति है जो बाल मनोविज्ञान उसकी रुचि, ग्राह्य क्षमता, कल्पनाशीलता और बौद्धिक अनुभूति से पूरी सच्चाई एवं निष्ठा के साथ जुड़ा हुआ हो।
प्रेमचन्द जैसे कुछ कालजयी साहित्यकारों ने बच्चों के लिये अलग से न लिखते हुए भी, अपनी रचनाओं में जीवन के यथार्थ, मनोविज्ञान और आदर्श के संतुलित मिश्रण को इतने कलात्मक ढंग से प्रस्तुत किया है कि वे न केवल बड़ों को सम्मोहित-उद्वेलित करती है, बल्कि बच्चों को भी अपने तिलस्म में बांध लेती है। साहित्य में ऐसा सृजन कौशल अर्जित कर पाने वाले दुर्लभ हैं।
Title : सामाजिक क्षेत्र में नारी की भूमिका और मैत्रेयी पुष्पा के उपन्यास
Dated :- Mar 13, 2011
Number of Attendee :20

सामाजिक क्षेत्र में नारी की भूमिका और मैत्रेयी पुष्पा के उपन्यास

Title : Physiotherapy as an alternative treatment
Dated :- Feb 06, 2011
Number of Attendee :20

Physiotherapy as an alternative treatment

In order to make the right choice for your therapy, there is a good general guideline to follow: if your injury is completely debilitating, involves injury to the nervous system, or you have been diagnosed with a cardiorespiratory condition, the likely choice for your therapy would be a physiotherapist. They may be your best option following a serious motor vehicle accident as well.

However, if you are able to perform the basic activities of daily living but are still unable to exercise comfortably following an injury, then an athletic therapist is likely your best option for rehabilitation. Athletic therapists have the highest level of formal training for this phase of treatment, and should be the best equipped to help you reach your goals.

Title : ANALYSIS OF CREDIT DISPARITIES
Dated :- Jul 11, 2010
Number of Attendee :25

  1. ANALYSIS OF CREDIT DISPARITIES TO FARMERS 
  2. CREDIT DISPARITIES TO SMALL BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURS : AN INTER-STATE ANALYSIS

Title : नारी विमर्श का स्वरूप : तुलनात्मक आकलन
Dated :- Jul 10, 2010
Number of Attendee :20

नारी विमर्श का स्वरूप : तुलनात्मक आकलन<o:p></o:p>

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