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PHD / Doctorate Programs

A doctorate degree, PHD is the highest degree that is awarded after verifying a student’s mastery over a subject. It demonstrates a student's ability to perform and present erudite research. This creative research is known as the doctoral thesis or dissertation. Distance Learning PHD or  Online Doctorate degree programs are usually more professional than academic in nature.

A number of universities offer custom designed Doctorate programs. Admission to a doctoral program is usually based on a student's educational record with a bachelor and master's degree. It usually demands a considerable amount of experience in the specific field. Some institutions do not insist on a master's degree, if a student demonstrates relevant proficiency. Universities offer Doctorate programs in a number of disciplines such as applied management, business management, human resources, psychology and medicine. Most universities grant tuition waivers and stipends for up to four years. There is usually no entrance exam.

Students that decide to enroll in Doctorate/PHD programs have several resources at their disposal. our partners web sites serve as databases for available online courses across the globe.

Beginning a Doctorate

program is a very big decision. Not only does it cost money, but you're making a very large time commitment as well. The sheer fact that you're considering this commitment suggests that you already have a very busy lifestyle. Generally a Doctorate candidate would be required to travel to the university/college to gain access to the best doctorate program in their field. This could mean taking leave from work and you family. However with today’s modern education technologies Doctorate candidates can search for a program on the Internet. our Doctorate/PHD programs that are available today are  fully accredited with Intenational & Indian Universities and come with all the prestige that a Doctorate deserves.

Benefits of Doing an Doctorate/ Phd Course

Any university degree is worth having, even more so are the advanced degrees such as the Doctorate's because these sort of degrees certify you as an authority in any field which you decide to specialize in. These fields may vary in nature but if you have a Doctorate you tend to set yourself apart from the rest in your field and increase your capacity for potential and future earnings. Few people can boast of having a Doctorate degree with no employment or career prospects as an advanced degree almost always guarantees some better form of career placement. This career placement better positions you in any career or occupation where you decide to place yourself.

Doctorates aren't all about career advancement and earning a bigger paycheck. In any field which you choose to get your Doctorate, there will be specialists imbued with such knowledge who can help you by telling you more about what you need to know in your field of learning. The level of knowledge that you get will also help you in deciding how best to proceed with any future career prospects. Sometimes in different work scenarios we need some differentiation between others who have more or less the same skills and capabilities that we possess. By getting and additional degree you give yourself an edge over other people.

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Step 1 - Proposal/Synopsis Stage

Proposal/Synopsis Development

Writing a research proposal is normally the first step in starting your doctoral research. This is the formal way of thought clearing and jotting down ideas of research. Further, it also helps in getting approval from your committee/supervisor on the research you are undertaking.

Research proposal/Synopsis of a PhD research is a document to be prepared strictly in accordance to University guidelines. In United States and Canada, normally the proposal runs for 100 pages and takes about 6 months to complete. In India and United Kingdom, it is normally shorter and comprises of about 20 -30 pages.

Many a times, research proposal is the key to get admission in PhD programmes. Even if it is not, it is a formal document outlining the research scope. Once approved, it serves as the boundary of scope within which the researcher has to work. Some of the key elements of a research proposal are:

1. Introdcution
2. Review of literature
3. Research Methodology
4. Expected outcome
5. Limitations of research

Typically, before attempting to develop a proposal, you must read 50 academic studies related to your topic to find out the scope, draw limitations and list down the theories to be discussed. Also, before crystallising synopsis, a pilot study and respondents of research should be identified.

Step 2 - Preparing Literature Review

Steps in writing Literature Review for your Thesis/Dissertation/Research paper:

1. Selecting a topic: Normally the first step is to select a topic. In most cases, this is an interactive process in which the initial search of the literature reveals the quantity and relevance of literature already existing. Basis this information, the topic may require adjustment in terms of narorrowing down, modifying etc.

2. Locating and reading Literature Review: This forms the second step and involves generic reading to get an overview of which topics/issues have been covered, which may require more investigation and related theories and frameworks/models which will require in depth reading or more detailed research.

3. Establishing specific purposes: It is important to identify the purpose of writing literature review which may be tracing the historical developments, summarising legal, political or ethical issues, estimating the effectiveness of treatment or identifying future areas of research(developing research gap).

4. Interpreting the Literature: Literature needs to be evaluated and interpreted. As a reader, you will need to give more importance to relevant and crucial findings of a study than a more generic study. Also, literature that builds on theories related the topic of research should be discussed in detail.

5. Synthesize the Literature: You will need to group the literature basis the research model, development of framework, their similarities and differences. Synthesis will often lead to developing cracks and thereby exploring gaps/deficiencies in research.

6. Write the first draft: Write in headings and subheading the first draft of your literature review. Writing would involve following a consistent citation style (Usually APA or Harvard are most preferred) and developing upon theories which relate to the topic.

7. Peer Review and Revise: Getting the literature review peer reviewed is important to rectify any inherent errors and to remove plagiarism if any. Literature review should be revised on the basis of peer review report to make it more thorough and polished.

Step 3 - Writing formatting Chapters

Writing and further formatting a dissertation/thesis in a professional manner is a tedious job. Special care needs to be taken in order to ensure academic rigour of the document. While writing a 100 or 200 page thesis, formatting tends to get neglected. The importance of  formatting increases when the universities ask the students to submit initially the chapters and later the thesis in a specified format.

We, at PhD Guidance, provide our customers with impeccable writing and formatting services at affordable prices.

Our writing team will leave no stone unturned in ensuring that your paper is being written according to the guidelines prescribed by the concerned university. At PhD Guidance, we promise to deliver you original, relevant and thought provoking content formatted in custom style.

Step 4 - Research Methodology selection

Research Methodology for PhD Thesis/Dissertation

Research methodology writing requires knowledge of various aspects of research. Since this part, forms the backbone of research, it must be carefully written and executed.

Most researchers begin thinking about their research by considering whether they should administer a questionnaire or conduct interviews. However, answers to such question lie in the center of research onion as developed by Saunders. Questions to be asked are choice of research philosophy, research paradigm and research approach to be adopted. Few noteworthy points include:

* Research philosophy contains assumptions about the way you view the world.
* There are three major ways of thinking about research philosophy: Epistemology, ontology and axiology. Each contains important differences which will influence the way in which you think about the research process.
* Positivism relates to the philosophical stance of a natural scientist. This entails working with an observable social reality.
* Deductive research approach is about testing a theory. It includes deducing a hypothesis from the theory, expressing the hypothesis in operational terms, testing this operational hypothesis.
* Inductive research approach is about building a theory. it includes gaining an understanding of the meanings humans attach to events.

Quantitative or qualitative research, primary or secondary data depends more on the intrinsic characteristics of the research topic. A mixed research methodology is often adopted to dig out answers to specific research questions in specific contexts.

If all of this sounds too much technical or something that you have not been trained on, we can help. Our experts have been guiding PhD candidates on selecting the right methodology for conducting research for over a decade.

Step 5 - Questionnaire Design

The key objective of a questionnaire is provide standardised interview across all subjects. This is so that all respondents are asked the questions that are appropiate to them, and so that, when those questions are asked, they are always asked in exactly the same way.

The role of the questionnaire is to elicit the information that is required to enable the researcher to answer the objectives of the survey. To achieve this, the questionnaire should not only collect the data required, but also collect the data in most accurate way possible.

Points to ponder when designing a questionnaire:

* Data Collection media
* Types of question and data
* Rating scales
* Application of scales in mesaurement
* Writing and laying the format of questionnaire
* Ethical issues involved
* Security and privacy of the information collected
* Results of previous surveys
* Objectively answering the research questions.

Questionnaire design is one of the most crucial aspects of your academic research. It is never similar to writing a chapter or conducting analysis. You must have sound knowledge of statistics and should bear in mind the hypothesis to develop questions which can be directly attributed to them.

Choice of scales like Likert five point or seven point scale is also important and should be backed by rationale for using the same.

Our team can assist you in developing questionnaire for research and pilot study. Our experienced team members have already helped numerous doctoral candidates in the same.

Step 6 - Qualitative Research

Qualitative research is concerned with studying issues and answering questions through methods like observation and content analysis. When doing a qualitative study, you will have to study the behavior of people who form the participant group and gauge the reasons for the observed actions and events. Unlike quantitative studies, this approach takes into account the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the issues being studied.

A qualitative study can lead you to understand the context within which participants act, identify the unknown phenomenon and develop causal explanations. There is considerable use of existing research in these studies. Qualitative approach is applied in a large number of social science studies, like ethnographic research and grounded theory studies. The methodologies adopted for gathering data for qualitative research include observation, focus interviews, field notes and study of journals. The data is stated in a narrative manner and content analysis is done to understand the context.

We take into account the research goals and help you formulate research questions and objectives. We use both interpretative and mechanical techniques to do qualitative data analysis. 

Statistical Help

Statistical analysis forms the cornerstone of every research, as it is the section that will lead to the results of research. The risk of making a mistake is highest in this section, as you have to choose the correct tools and tests, apply them with precision and interpret the results accurately. Going through all these steps without making any error is tough. This is why most scholars prefer to consult specialists, who would help them to complete the chapter of data analysis.

We have a team of 25 PhD statisticians, and offer statistical support for both quantitative and qualitative research. While the former rests heavily on statistical analysis, even qualitative studies need data analysis to reach the result. The nature of analysis, however, differs for both approaches.

For qualitative studies, we provide assistance for grounded theory method, thematic content analysis and data analysis using Nvivo. We help you prepare a perfect research design and choose the methods you must use for analysis.

In case of quantitative analysis, we offer help with a number of tools like SPSS, SAS, Stata, Eviews and Amos. There are a number of tests that can be applied for statistical analysis. To know about these tools and ask our statisticians for advice, write to us.

Proof reading Service

With dissertation being one of the most important documents in the life of an academician, it becomes quite important to ensure a flawless dissertation. Editing and proofreading a dissertation needs to be the first priority of every doctoral student.

No doctoral student wants to have his/her dissertation fall short of the required standards and for this it is necessary to choose the finest dissertation proofreading services offered by experts. When a student is heavily involved in the production of text, there might be situations where he/she may skip some errors related to grammar usage, punctuation marks, sentence structure, spellings, etc. Opting for expert dissertation proofreading support is a life-saver under such circumstances.

Our team of expert dissertation proofreaders has significant experience in proofreading academic papers across a broad range of topics. Our dissertation proofreading service package includes an in-depth check of the following:

  • Ø Spellings and format
  • Ø overall structural consistency
  • Ø typographical errors
  • Ø references/citations
  • Ø punctuation and grammar

Once submitted, your dissertation will be allocated to a dedicated proof reader who will review your document, bearing in mind your instructions and required deadlines.

Addressing Comments from Committee

Your work does not finish after you submit the completed thesis to the review committee. The committee will provide its feedback on the work, which will include their views, as well as suggestions for improvement of the report. We help you to address the comments of the committee through our service for feedback incorporation.

You will need to provide us the complete feedback that you have received, after discussing the same with your supervisor. We will review your final research report, in context of the comments and formulate the best strategy to incorporate the required changes. We revise all dissertation chapters, after assessing the need for the same and the impact of such changes. The comments given by the review committee can relate to the following issues:

  • Lack of academic language and proper format
  • Problems in validity or reliability of data analysis
  • Presence of plagiarized content in the report
  • Improper citation style or inconsistency in citation
  • Lack of relevant references, or less than required number of references in the bibliography
  • Wrong data analysis tools or modules

Whatever be the problem, we will assign the best person for making changes and enhance the value of the document. 

Our UGC LISTED Journals

International Research Journal of Commerce , Arts and Science International Research journal of Management Sociology & Humanities International Research journal of Management Science and Technology Bhartiya Bhasha, Siksha, Sahitya evam Shodh INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF SCIENCE ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  AND INNOVATION